Category Archives: Web Themes

Women’s History Month

March is Women’s History Month and we decided to reflect on the resources in our archive that demonstrate and acknowledge the strength of women in Hawaii’s history. This selection of videos highlights the contributions of women and their engagement in changing the understanding of where women are situated within the social and political landscape of Hawaii.


Hanapbuhay Filipina: Looking for Work in Hawaii

Description: A look at Filipino immigrant women and their problems with finding suitable employment in Hawaiʻi.


Hannah Springer Interview May 30, 1995

Description: Hannah Springer interview May 30, 1995. Hannah discusses topics such as women in Hawaiian leadership roles, subsistence living, origin of Hawaiian pig hunting, transmission of Hawaiian knowledge, and tradition.


First Friday: The Unauthorized News: Native Women Poets (July 1991)

Description: Poetry Readings by Native Hawaiian Women Dana Naone Hall and Haunani-Kay Trask and Native American Woman Joy Harjo. The reading was presented on June 6, 1991.


Her Majesty: Lili’ukalani

Description: Documentary about Queen Liliʻuokalani and her life; before and after the overthrow. Features interviews with people who knew her intimately including Aunty Alice Namakelua.

View our web theme on WOMEN’S HISTORY MONTH for more archival footage!


Archivist Picks: Volcanoes

Volcano Footage (Ted Shibuya collection)

Volcano Footage (Ted Shibuya collection)

With lava from Kilauea flowing toward Puna homes and Highway 130, photos and live footage are continuing to be shared on the news and on social networks. ‘Ulu‘ulu may not have footage of this flow in our collections just yet, but we do have archival footage of past Kilauea eruptions in our collections.

So, we thought we’d highlight a sample – including footage of the 1960, 1959 and 1955 flows as well as what looks to be footage of the 1924 eruption.

screenshot_title625Pele comes back to Puna, 1960
HKG Pilot : Lyman Museum and Mission House
1960 Kapoho Eruption of Kīlauea Volcano in Puna. Footage from January, February, and March is in three phases…

Title 679Kīlauea Iki Eruption, 1959
HKG Pilot : Lyman Museum and Mission House
– Footage of the summit eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, in Kīlauea Iki Crater.


Title 630Halemaʻumaʻu Volcano
HKG Pilot : Lyman Museum and Mission House
– Film container said “Halemaumau Volcano, 1924.” Footage of lava and steam, but also Hawaiʻi National Park signs describing volcano activity occuring as late as January 1932.

View our web theme on VOLCANOES for more archival footage!


Other Resources:
– SOEST website – “Historical Eruptions of Kilauea Volcano” Timeline
– USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) website – photos and video of the flow

Archivists Picks – Sports

Leeeet’s watch sports! Here in Hawai‘i, we love our home team, the University of Hawai‘i Rainbow Warriors, continue to host major sporting events, like the Ironman Triathlon, Honolulu Marathon and PGA Tour tournaments, and are home to sports notables like Olympic champion Duke Kahanamoku. Oh yeah and we’re also the birthplace of surfing!

With football and volleyball seasons starting up, we thought this was the perfect time to highlight ‘Ulu‘ulu footage on sports. Check it out now in our new web theme:

Miscellaneous Sports : Sidelines '82 Football Highlights, KGMB Collection

Miscellaneous Sports : Sidelines ’82 Football Highlights, KGMB Collection

Want to go straight to the football footage, click the above image.

Can’t wait for that winter swell?
Click the image below to check out archival surf footage.

ENG File #431, KGMB Collection

ENG File #431, KGMB Collection

Our sports theme also includes clips of:

Archivist Picks – Hawaiian Sovereignty

With the topic of sovereignty being raised quite a bit in the news recently and with Lā Ho‘iho‘i Ea (Restoration Day) being celebrated this weekend (July 26), we decided to highlight some of the footage we have in our collections that are related to Hawaiian sovereignty.

First Friday : The Unauthorized News : Hawaiian Sovereignty (February 1993), HKG Pilot Program Collection

First Friday : The Unauthorized News : Hawaiian Sovereignty (February 1993), Pilot Program Collection

Topics discussed and events observed in the selected footage include the 1893 overthrow of Queen Lili‘uokalani and the 1898 (purported) annexation of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i. It should be pointed out that the footage we have covers an array of issues related to sovereignty for Hawai‘i, including efforts to stop the bombing of Kaho‘olawe and a number of First Friday episodes which detail the state-run Native Hawaiian plebiscite.

We also have a good amount of footage on Ka Lāhui Hawai‘i, mainly because members of that group, like Haunani-Kay Trask and Mililani Trask, hosted the First Friday program (which we acquired as part of our Pilot Program) and detail much of Ka Lāhui’s actions and viewpoints during the show. But, we also have digitized video of Kekuni Blaisdell, who was active in the Ka Pākaukau group, and of George Helm, Emmett Aluli and others from the Protect Kaho‘olawe ‘Ohana (PKO).

Her Majesty: Liliʻuokalani, Hawai'i Public Broadcast Collection

Her Majesty: Liliʻuokalani, Hawaiʻi Public Broadcast Collection

For those less familiar with the ongoing struggle for Hawaiian sovereignty… Many, if not all, in the sovereignty movement agree that the overthrow was illegal; however, there have been various actions proposed to address the issue and the debate continues as to a solution to the injustice. It could be argued that the sovereignty movement was started by the Queen and her supporters immediately after the 1893 overthrow. But, the modern sovereignty movement coincides with the Hawaiian Renaissance of the 1970s and was especially strong in the 1990s with the anniversaries of the overthrow and the annexation in 1993* and 1998 respectively.

* We’re currently digitizing footage of the 1993 ‘Onipa‘a event held at ‘Iolani Palace on the 100th anniversary of the overthrow of the Queen. We’re hoping to be able to add these videos to our website later this year. Email us (uluulu at for more info.

View Hawaiian Sovereignty Theme

Archivist Picks: Wai ~ Water

Water is life… film as a tool for outreach on water struggles

Water is believed to be a physical manifestation of Kāne, who is considered one of the four major gods in Hawai‘i. In light of this spiritual belief, no one had ownership over water in traditional society, not even the ali‘i. Instead, laws were created to manage water as a community resource.

However, with the increased settlement by foreigners from 1778 onwards, water became a growing concern. Enticed by Hawai‘i’s location and climate, foreigners flocked to Hawai‘i to establish their businesses and sugar and pineapple plantations spread across the Islands. With the growing demand for water and irrigation, ditch systems were introduced to transport millions upon millions of gallons of water from windward communities to the plantations. For decades, water diversions for sugar interests have stunted native life and Hawaiian communities that rely on freshwater streams; as D. Kapua‘ala Sproat reminds us in Ola I Ka Wai: A Legal Primer for Water Use and Management in Hawai‘i, “pu‘ali kalo i ka wai ‘ole – taro, for lack of water, grows misshapen.”

Irrigation. Lyman Museum & Mission House subcollection

Irrigation (circa 1920s). Lyman Museum & Mission House subcollection

Fast forward to the 1990s… As plantation after plantation began to shut down, conflicts over the distribution and use of water were brought to the forefront. Issues of ahupua‘a management, particularly the importance of water for kalo farming and for the health of marine life and the environment overall, were raised by Hawaiians and interest groups who advocated for the restoration of streamflows.

Perhaps one of the most well-known efforts is the Waiāhole-Waikāne water struggle over the diversion of water from east O‘ahu after the close of Oahu Sugar. The Waiāhole-Waikāne case is important for Hawaiians and for Hawai‘i because it resulted in the first return of water to Hawai‘i’s streams. The case is discussed in numerous articles and publications, including a multivolume text, titled “A History of Water: The world of water,” which acknowledges the significance of this water struggle at a global level.

First Friday : The Unauthorized News : Waiāhole Water (September 1994). Kamakakūokalani Center for Hawaiian Studies subcollection

First Friday : The Unauthorized News : Waiāhole Water (September 1994). Kamakakūokalani Center for Hawaiian Studies subcollection

But, what’s noteworthy about Waiāhole-Waikāne (at least in relation to our work at ‘Ulu‘ulu) is the role of film in “providing voices and context for traditional Hawaiian water management” and subsequently educating Hawai‘i and the world about the importance of water:

“The internet has been an important means of disseminating information about the underlying basis for the windward position and updates on the status of the Waiāhole conflict… Other forums have also been used to address traditional Hawaiian ideas about water as they relate to the conflict over the waters of Waiahole and other windward O‘ahu streams… One of the most direct means of outreach, however, has been through the media of film. Movies with titles such as Ahupua‘a, Fishponds, and Lo‘i (1992), Hard Taro of Waiāhole (1995), and Stolen Waters (1997) were produced by the organization Nā Maka o ka ‘Āina [and]… underscore the need to let water remain in the streams of origin by providing voices and context for traditional Hawaiian water management. As a movie, its message has the potential to reach a diverse and wide audience within the archipelago, throughout the Pacific, and on the mainland.” – Oestigaard and Tvedt p. 45-46.

Thus, the appeal of film presented (and continues to present) a powerful medium for outreach on water. And, as evidenced by other films produced by Nā Maka o ka ‘Āina and others like Victoria Keith Productions, film (and video) provides an excellent medium for education about Hawaiian culture and for the issues facing our communities then and now.

Two Green Valleys (1976). Victoria Keith Productions Collection

Two Green Valleys (1976). Victoria Keith Productions Collection

The new theme on Water on our ‘Ulu‘ulu website includes footage from First Friday episodes with water resources researcher George Hudes and taro farmer Herbert Hoe from Waiāhole discussing the Waiāhole-Waikāne water case, water codes, the Water Commission, and the advantages of stream restoration. The theme also includes clips of a sugar irrigation system ditch, a Kaua‘i ditch (with footage of an interview on water rights), and a clip of what looks to be people working at the Waihe‘e Ditch.

Battles over water persist today. So, it is important to understand the history of water rights in Hawai‘i. Ola i ka wai, water is the life giving source!
View our Wai Theme here.

Ola I Ka Wai: A Legal Primer for Water Use and Management in Hawai‘i, by D. Kapua‘ala Sproat.

Oestigaard, Terje and T. Tvedt, ed. A History of Water: The world of water, vol. 3. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
Excerpts available on GoogleBooks: